Allergy Skin Testing

What to expect at the allergist’s office.

Skin testing is a method to test for allergic antibodies. A test consists of introducing small amount of the suspected substance, allergen, into the skin and recording the response 20 minutes after application. A positive reaction consists of a wheal (swelling) and flare (surrounding area of redness). Interpreting the clinical significance of the skin test requires correlation of the test results with the patient’s clinical history.

The skin test methods used are:

Prick-Puncture Method: The skin is prick-punctured with a plastic applicator coated with allergen.
Intradermal Method: This method consists injecting small amounts of an allergen into the superficial layers of the skin.

Multi-Test Method (optional): Allergen solutions are placed on individual prongs of a multi-prong plastic device which is placed firmly on the back for 5 to 10 seconds, then removed.

You will be skin tested to important Tampa Bay area airborne allergens and possibly some foods. The skin testing appointment takes approximately 2-2 ½ hours. Prick-puncture test will be performed on your back and intradermal test on your upper arms. If you have a specific allergic sensitivity to an allergen, a red, raised itchy hive (caused by histamine release into the skin) appears on your skin within 15-20 minutes. These positive reactions, which will itch, will gradually disappear over 30-60 minutes, and typically, no treatment is necessary. Occasionally local swelling at the test site will begin 4 to 8 hours after the skin tests, particularly at the sites of the intradermal tests. These reactions are not serious and will gradually disappear over the next week or so.

Please let the physician and the medical staff know:

  • If you are pregnant
  • If you have a fever or are wheezing
  • ALL medications you are taking (bring a list)

 

A Physician is present during skin testing since occasional reactions may require therapy. These reactions may consist of any of the following symptoms: itchy eyes, nose, or throat; nasal congestion; runny nose; tightness in the throat or chest; increased wheezing; lightheadedness; faintness; nausea and vomiting; hives; generalized itching; and shock, the latter under extreme circumstances. A severe reaction to skin testing has never occurred in this office, however, if one would occur, the staff is trained to treat you. A separate follow-up appointment will be scheduled and your physician will make further recommendations regarding your treatment.

  • We request that you do not bring small children with you when you are scheduled for skin testing unless they are accompanied by another adult who can sit with them in the reception area.
  • Anyone 17 years of age or younger, must be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian during the entire procedure and visit with the physician.
  • It is imperative that you are on time for this appointment.
  • Please do not cancel your appointment since the time set aside for your skin testing is yours for which special allergens are prepared.
  • If for any reason you must change your skin test appointment, please give us at least 72 hours notice. A last minute change results in loss of valuable time that another patient could have utilized.
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